A Beginner’s Guide to HTML5

HTML5 is designed to do virtually anything you want to do online without downloading browser plugins or other software. Do you want to create animations? Embed music and movies? Create advanced applications that run in your browser? You can with HTML5.

In this post, we’ll cover everything you need to know about HTML5, including:

What is html5

HTML5 is the latest version of HTML. The term refers to two things. One of these is the updated HTML language itself, which includes new elements and attributes. The second is the greater number of technologies that are working with this new version of HTML – like a new video format – allowing you to build more complex and powerful websites and apps.

To understand how HTML has evolved over the years, let’s look at the differences between HTML and HTML5.

HTML vs HTML5

HTML is the central markup language of the World Wide Web. Originally designed to semantically describe scientific documents, it has since evolved to describe much more.

Most of the pages on the web today were created using HTML4. Although HTML4 has improved significantly since the first version of HTML in 1993, it still had its limitations. It was greatest when a web developer or designer wanted to add content or functionality to their website that was not supported in HTML. In that case, they would have to use non-standard proprietary technologies such as Adobe Flash that require users to install browser plugins. Even then, some users may not be able to access this content or feature. For example, users on iPhones and iPads would not be able to do this because these devices do not support Flash.

Keyword, HTML5. HTML5 was designed to reduce the need for non-standard proprietary technologies. With this new version of HTML, you can create web applications that work offline, support high-definition videos and animations, and know where you are geographically.

To understand how HTML5 can do all of this, let’s take a look at what’s new in this latest version of HTML.

What’s new in HTML5?

HTML5 was developed with the following main goals:

  • Makes code reading easier for users and screen readers
  • Reduce the overlap between HTML, CSS and JavaScript
  • Promote responsiveness and design consistency across all browsers
  • Multimedia support without Flash or other plugins

Each of these goals provided information about the changes in this new version of HTML. Let’s focus on seven of these changes.

New semantic elements

HTML5 introduced several new semantically meaningful tags. These include

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